Potent antitumor activity of oncolytic adenovirus expressing mda-7/IL-24 for colorectal cancer

Lili Zhao, Jinfa Gu, Aiwen Dong, Yanhong Zhang, Liu Zhong, Lingfeng He, Yigang Wang, Jinhe Zhang, Zilai Zhang, Jin Huiwang, Qijun Qian, Cheng Qian, Xinyuan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


It has been demonstrated that interleukin 24 (IL-24, also called melanoma differentiation associated gene 7) exerts antitumor activity. In this study, we investigated whether oncolytic adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of IL-24 could induce strong antitumor activity. A tumor-selective replicating adenovirus expressing IL-24 (ZD55-IL-24) was constructed by insertion of an IL-24 expression cassette into the ZD55 vector, which is based on deletion of the adenoviral E1B 55-kDa gene. ZD55-IL-24 could express substantially more IL-24 than Ad-IL-24 because of replication of the vector. It has been shown that ZD55-IL-24 exerted a strong cytopathic effect and significant apoptosis in tumor cells with p53 dysfunction. Moreover, no cytotoxic and apoptotic effects could be seen in normal cells infected with ZD55-IL-24. Expression of IL-24 did not interfere with viral replication induced by oncolytic adenovirus. Activation of caspase 3 and caspase 9, and induction of bax gene expression, were involved in tumor cell apoptosis induced by ZD55-IL-24. Treatment of established tumors with ZD55-IL-24 showed much stronger antitumor activity than that induced by ONYX-015 or Ad-IL-24. These data indicated that oncolytic adenovirus expressing IL-24 could exert potential antitumor activity and offer a novel approach to cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-858
Number of pages14
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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