Postprandial apoE Isoform and Conformational Changes Associated with VLDL Lipolysis Products Modulate Monocyte Inflammation

Laura J. den Hartigh, Robin Altman, Romobia Hutchinson, Jitka Petrlova, Madhu S. Budamagunta, Sarada D. Tetali, Jens O. Lagerstedt, John C Voss, John C Rutledge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Postprandial hyperlipemia, characterized by increased circulating very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS), has been proposed as a mechanism of vascular injury. Our goal was to examine the interactions between postprandial lipoproteins, LPS, and apoE3 and apoE4 on monocyte activation. Methods and Results: We showed that apoE3 complexed to phospholipid vesicles attenuates LPS-induced THP-1 monocyte cytokine expression, while apoE4 increases expression. ELISA revealed that apoE3 binds to LPS with higher affinity than apoE4. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy of site-directed spin labels placed on specific amino acids of apoE3 showed that LPS interferes with conformational changes normally associated with lipid binding. Specifically, compared to apoE4, apoE bearing the E3-like R112→Ser mutation displays increased self association when exposed to LPS, consistent with a stronger apoE3-LPS interaction. Additionally, lipolysis of fasting VLDL from normal human donors attenuated LPS-induced TNFα secretion from monocytes to a greater extent than postprandial VLDL, an effect partially reversed by blocking apoE. This effect was reproduced using fasting VLDL lipolysis products from e3/e3 donors, but not from e4/e4 subjects, suggesting that apoE3 on fasting VLDL prevents LPS-induced inflammation more readily than apoE4. Conclusion: Postprandial apoE isoform and conformational changes associated with VLDL dramatically modulate vascular inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere50513
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    den Hartigh, L. J., Altman, R., Hutchinson, R., Petrlova, J., Budamagunta, M. S., Tetali, S. D., Lagerstedt, J. O., Voss, J. C., & Rutledge, J. C. (2012). Postprandial apoE Isoform and Conformational Changes Associated with VLDL Lipolysis Products Modulate Monocyte Inflammation. PLoS One, 7(11), [e50513]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050513