Earlier studies have shown that both mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke increase the activities of cytochrome P4501A1 and 2E1 in the lungs of adult animals; however, little information is available on the influence of ambient levels of sidestream cigarette smoke on cytochrome P450 monooxygenase activity in the developing lung. The present studies were conducted to define the developmental profiles of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases 1A1 and 2B1 in rat lung and liver and to assess the effects of aged and diluted sidestream cigarette smoke (ADSS) on the developmental profile of these two enzymes. Accordingly, pulmonary and hepatic microsomal P4501A1 and 2B1 activities were determined by measuring ethoxy- and pentoxyresorufin-O-delakylase (EROD and PROD, respectively) activity in animals exposed to filtered air or ADSS from birth to 7, 14, 21, 50, and 100 days of age. Pulmonary P4501A1 activity in control rats was not detected until 14 days of age. Activities increased threefold between 14 and 21 days of age and remained unchanged to 100 days of age. In animals exposed to ADSS from birth, pulmonary EROD activities were detected as early as 7 days postnatal and were elevated three- to fourfold above control at all other ages examined. Hepatic EROD activities were unaltered by ADSS exposure. Short-term (4-day) ADSS exposure was as effective in upregulating pulmonary microsomal EROD activities as 100-day exposures. Induction of pulmonary EROD activities and the associated increases in mRNA levels were dependent upon the particulate fraction. Stimulation of EROD activities in major and minor daughter subcompartments was three- to fourfold higher in ADSS-exposed animals compared to controls, while there was no induction in the trachea and less than a twofold increase in the parenchyma. Pulmonary PROD activities developed more slowly than EROD and did not reach adult levels until Day 50. ADSS did not alter pulmonary or hepatic PROD activities. These studies show that P4501A1 and 2B1 develop at different rates in rat lung and liver and that exposure to ADSS markedly increases P4501A1 activities in the lung at all ages examined.
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