Possible charge-density-wave/spin-density-wave in the layered pnictide-oxides Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb)

T. C. Ozawa, S. M. Kauzlarich, M. Bieringer, J. E. Greedan

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Abstract

The compounds Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb) crystallize in the anti-K2NiF4 structure type in the space group, I4/mmm, with Z = 2 and the lattice parameters a = 4.0810(9) Å and c = 15.311(3) Å for the As analogue at 310 K and a = 4.160(2) Å and c = 16.558(7) Å for the Sb analogue at 150 K. The structure consists of edge-shared 2 [Ti4/2Pn2O4/4]2- layers separated by double layers of Na+. These compounds exhibit an anomalous transition in the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility at Tc onset = 330 K for the As analogue and Tc onset = 120 K for the Sb analogue. Temperature-dependent powder neutron diffraction has been performed to investigate the magnetic spin ordering and structure symmetry breakdown of the compounds; however, no scattering due to magnetic spin ordering or symmetry change has been detected. The temperature-dependent electrical resistivity of these compounds also exhibits an anomaly reminiscent of CDW (charge-density-wave)/SDW (spin-density-wave) materials. The As analogue shows an insulator-to-insulator transition around 135 K whereas the Sb analogue shows a metal-to-metal transition around 120 K that corresponds well to the onset of the anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility. The similarity and difference in the physical properties between the As and Sb analogues as well as related compounds will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1804-1810
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Spin density waves
Charge density waves
Oxides
Magnetic susceptibility
Neutron powder diffraction
Temperature
Lattice constants
Transition metals
Physical properties
Metals
Scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Possible charge-density-wave/spin-density-wave in the layered pnictide-oxides Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb). / Ozawa, T. C.; Kauzlarich, S. M.; Bieringer, M.; Greedan, J. E.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2001, p. 1804-1810.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ozawa, T. C. ; Kauzlarich, S. M. ; Bieringer, M. ; Greedan, J. E. / Possible charge-density-wave/spin-density-wave in the layered pnictide-oxides Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb). In: Chemistry of Materials. 2001 ; Vol. 13, No. 5. pp. 1804-1810.
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abstract = "The compounds Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb) crystallize in the anti-K2NiF4 structure type in the space group, I4/mmm, with Z = 2 and the lattice parameters a = 4.0810(9) {\AA} and c = 15.311(3) {\AA} for the As analogue at 310 K and a = 4.160(2) {\AA} and c = 16.558(7) {\AA} for the Sb analogue at 150 K. The structure consists of edge-shared ∞ 2 [Ti4/2Pn2O4/4]2- layers separated by double layers of Na+. These compounds exhibit an anomalous transition in the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility at Tc onset = 330 K for the As analogue and Tc onset = 120 K for the Sb analogue. Temperature-dependent powder neutron diffraction has been performed to investigate the magnetic spin ordering and structure symmetry breakdown of the compounds; however, no scattering due to magnetic spin ordering or symmetry change has been detected. The temperature-dependent electrical resistivity of these compounds also exhibits an anomaly reminiscent of CDW (charge-density-wave)/SDW (spin-density-wave) materials. The As analogue shows an insulator-to-insulator transition around 135 K whereas the Sb analogue shows a metal-to-metal transition around 120 K that corresponds well to the onset of the anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility. The similarity and difference in the physical properties between the As and Sb analogues as well as related compounds will be discussed.",
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N2 - The compounds Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb) crystallize in the anti-K2NiF4 structure type in the space group, I4/mmm, with Z = 2 and the lattice parameters a = 4.0810(9) Å and c = 15.311(3) Å for the As analogue at 310 K and a = 4.160(2) Å and c = 16.558(7) Å for the Sb analogue at 150 K. The structure consists of edge-shared ∞ 2 [Ti4/2Pn2O4/4]2- layers separated by double layers of Na+. These compounds exhibit an anomalous transition in the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility at Tc onset = 330 K for the As analogue and Tc onset = 120 K for the Sb analogue. Temperature-dependent powder neutron diffraction has been performed to investigate the magnetic spin ordering and structure symmetry breakdown of the compounds; however, no scattering due to magnetic spin ordering or symmetry change has been detected. The temperature-dependent electrical resistivity of these compounds also exhibits an anomaly reminiscent of CDW (charge-density-wave)/SDW (spin-density-wave) materials. The As analogue shows an insulator-to-insulator transition around 135 K whereas the Sb analogue shows a metal-to-metal transition around 120 K that corresponds well to the onset of the anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility. The similarity and difference in the physical properties between the As and Sb analogues as well as related compounds will be discussed.

AB - The compounds Na2Ti2Pn2O (Pn = As, Sb) crystallize in the anti-K2NiF4 structure type in the space group, I4/mmm, with Z = 2 and the lattice parameters a = 4.0810(9) Å and c = 15.311(3) Å for the As analogue at 310 K and a = 4.160(2) Å and c = 16.558(7) Å for the Sb analogue at 150 K. The structure consists of edge-shared ∞ 2 [Ti4/2Pn2O4/4]2- layers separated by double layers of Na+. These compounds exhibit an anomalous transition in the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility at Tc onset = 330 K for the As analogue and Tc onset = 120 K for the Sb analogue. Temperature-dependent powder neutron diffraction has been performed to investigate the magnetic spin ordering and structure symmetry breakdown of the compounds; however, no scattering due to magnetic spin ordering or symmetry change has been detected. The temperature-dependent electrical resistivity of these compounds also exhibits an anomaly reminiscent of CDW (charge-density-wave)/SDW (spin-density-wave) materials. The As analogue shows an insulator-to-insulator transition around 135 K whereas the Sb analogue shows a metal-to-metal transition around 120 K that corresponds well to the onset of the anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility. The similarity and difference in the physical properties between the As and Sb analogues as well as related compounds will be discussed.

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