Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the associations between angiogenesis gene polymorphisms and clinical outcome in ovarian cancer patients treated with low-dose cyclophosphamide and bevacizumab. Experimental Design: Seventy recurrent/metastatic epithelial ovarian cancer patients were enrolled in a phase II clinical trial. Genomic DNA was available from 53 blood samples. Polymorphisms were analyzed using the PCR-RFLP protocol. A 5′ end 33P γATP-labeled PCR protocol was used to analyze dinucleotide repeats. Results: Patients genotyped A/A or A/T for the IL-8 T-251A gene polymorphism had a statistically significant lower response rate (19%; 0%) than those homozygous T/T (50%; P = 0.006, Fisher's exact test). Patients carrying a minimum one C allele (C/C; C/T) of the CXCR2 C+785T polymorphism showed a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 7.4 months compared with the PFS of 3.7 months for those homozygous T/T (P = 0.026, log-rank test). Patients with the VEGF C+936T polymorphism C/T genotype had a longer median PFS of 11.8 months, compared with those with the C/C and T/T genotype, which had median PFS of 5.5 months and 3.2 months, respectively (P = 0.061, log-rank test). Patients carrying both AM 3′ end alleles <14 CA repeats had the shortest median PFS of 3.4 months; patients with at least one allele >14 repeats or both alleles >14 repeats showed a median PFS of 6.4 months and 7.2 months, respectively (P = 0.008, log-rank test). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the IL-8 A-251T polymorphism may be a molecular predictor of response to bevacizumab-based chemotherapy. The CXCR2 C+785T, VEGF C+936T single nucleotide polymorphisms and the AM 3′ dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms may be molecular markers for PFS in ovarian cancer patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research