Polydioxanone absorbable sutures in vascular anastomoses: Experimental and preliminary clinical studies

Z. G. Wang, Lee Li-Qun Pu, G. D. Li, W. Du, J. F. Symes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess the safety and efficacy of polydioxanone suture (PDS) for vascular anastomoses, bilateral carotid end-to-end anastomoses using PDSs on the left and Dacron sutures on the right in 18 dogs were performed. The anastomoses were assessed at 4, 6 and 8 weeks after surgery. A breaking-strength test (300 mmHg) did not show a significant difference between PDS and Dacron anastomoses, but partial absorption was grossly evident in the PDS group. Some 35 venous and 21 arterial reconstructive procedures were also carried out using PDS in 53 patients. At follow-up of 3-5 (mean 3.5) years, none of the patients had experienced any suture-related complications. The results indicate that PDS maintains an adequate tensile strength in anastomoses until suture-line healing occurs, suggesting that this material may be safely used in venous or small arterial anastomoses. In addition, because it is absorbable, resulting in decreased foreign-body reactions, PDS may have the potential to improve the long-term patency of venous or small arterial reconstructions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-513
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Surgery
Volume2
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • absorbable suture
  • anastomosis
  • polydioxanone
  • vascular surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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