Ploidy-, gender-, and dose-dependent alteration of selected biomarkers in Clarias gariepinus treated with benzo[a]pyrene

Ali Karami, Swee J Teh, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Simon C. Courtenay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Naturally-occurring and artificially-induced polyploids have been documented in various fish species but to date no comparison has been reported of the impacts of ploidy on fish biomarker responses to organic pollutants. This study describes effects of ploidy, gender, and dose on biliary fluorescent aromatic compound (FAC) concentrations, hepatic ethoxyresorufin- O-deethylase (EROD) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities in one of the most commonly cultured warm-water species, the African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Recently matured male and female diploid and triploid fish were intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected with 0, 5 or 25. mg/kg benzo[. a]pyrene (BaP) and liver and gallbladder were sampled 48. hr later. No significant differences were found between ploidies in bile concentrations of 7,8 dihydrodiolbenzo[. a]pyrene (7,8D BaP), 1-hydroxybenzo[. a]pyrene (1-OH BaP) or 3-hydroxybenzo[. a]pyrene (3-OH BaP). However, concentrations of the biliary FACs did differ between males and females at different dose of injection with generally higher concentrations in females at the low dose of BaP and higher concentrations in males at the higher BaP concentration. Hepatic EROD activity did not exhibit gender-dependent difference, whereas it was significantly higher in triploids than diploids. GST activities were not significantly influenced by any of the tested factors. This work advanced our understanding of the role of ploidy, gender, and dose in biotransformation of pollutants in fish.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences (China)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Diploid
  • Female
  • Fish biomarkers
  • Male
  • Triploid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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