Platelet function abnormalities in qualified whole-blood donors: Effects of medication and recent food intake

T. G. Paglieroni, K. Janatpour, R. Gosselin, V. Crocker, Denis M Dwyre, M. R. MacKenzie, P. V. Holland, E. C. Larkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Platelet function abnormalities have been reported in blood donors who have not consumed aspirin. Our objective was to identify factors other than aspirin that may contribute to impaired platelet function in qualified volunteer blood donors. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 24 donors following routine blood donation. Donors completed a study questionnaire that included questions about recent food consumption, medication and medical history. Platelet activation was measured using monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. CD62P expression and PAC-1 binding on platelets were used as indicators of platelet activation. Platelet function was measured on a platelet function analyser (PFA-100®) using both collagen/epinephrine (cEPI) and collagen/ADP (cADP) cartridges. Results: Fifty-four per cent of donors (13 of 24) had normal platelet function. Thirty-eight per cent (nine of 24) had prolonged cEPI closure times, of whom four (17%) had no cEPI closure (> 300 seconds). No closure was associated with aspirin use (two donors) or chocolate consumption (two donors) before donation. Two donors (8%) had either a shortened cEPI or cADP closure time. Conclusions: Platelet dysfunction in qualified blood donors is underestimated. Platelet function screening can identify donors with diet-related platelet dysfunction or with poor recollection of aspirin use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalVox Sanguinis
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • 'Aspirin-like' defect
  • PFA-100®
  • Platelet activation
  • Platelet function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Paglieroni, T. G., Janatpour, K., Gosselin, R., Crocker, V., Dwyre, D. M., MacKenzie, M. R., Holland, P. V., & Larkin, E. C. (2004). Platelet function abnormalities in qualified whole-blood donors: Effects of medication and recent food intake. Vox Sanguinis, 86(1), 48-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0042-9007.2004.00384.x