Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) autocrine components in human tumor cell lines

Griffith R. Harsh, Mark T. Keating, Jaime A. Escobedo, Lewis T. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor cells may stimulate their own proliferation through an autocrine mechanism by simultaneously producing growth factors and growth factor receptors. We now report that numerous human tumor-derived cell lines simultaneously express the genes for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) A and B chains and the PDGF receptor (PDGF-R). Measurement of mRNA transcribed from these genes showed that among 16 malignant glioma cell lines tested, 15 expressed the PDGF A gene, 12 expressed the PDGF B gene, and 13 expressed the PDGF-R gene. Of three osteosarcoma lines, three expressed PDGF A, two expressed PDGF B, and three expressed PDGF-R. For eight malignant melanoma lines, seven expressed PDGF A, five expressed PDGF B, and three expressed PDGF-R genes. Thus, 13 of 16 malignant glioma, 3 of 3 osteosarcomas, and 3 of 8 malignant melanoma cell lines expressed the PDGF receptor gene and either or both PDGF genes. Five cell lines were tested for production of biologically active PDGF and PDGF receptor protein. Media conditioned by each of the five cell lines induced tyrosine phosphorylation of a protein identical in size to the PDGF receptor. These five cell lines also produced PDGF receptor protein as measured by Western blot analysis or metabolic labeling and immunoprecipitation using PDGF-R antibodies. The PDGF receptors of these cell lines were activated by human platelet PDGF or by recombinant AA or BB homodimers. Intracellular interaction of these receptors with the growth factor simultaneously produced may provide continuous stimulation to the proliferation of these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autocrine components
  • malignant glioma
  • messenger RNA
  • oncogenes
  • platelet derived growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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