We discuss the possibility of plasmon canalization, collimation, and tunneling over ultrathin metasurfaces, enabled by extreme anisotropy in their complex conductivity dyadic. The interplay between anisotropy, conductivity-near-zero, and loss is exploited here to derive general conditions for plasmon canalization and efficient energy transport. We also demonstrate how the intrinsic in-plane anisotropy of black phosphorus can provide a natural platform to engineer these conditions, exhibiting important advantages over isotropic plasmonic materials. Our findings have implications for plasmonic sensors, planar hyperlenses, and plasmon steering over a surface, and they highlight the potential of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics