Propofol and pentobarbital were used for deep sedation during prolonged mechanical ventilation (3 weeks) and nutritional supplementation in 17 clinically normal dogs in an intensive care setting. Tolerance developed to both drugs. Propofol, in combination with pentobarbital, at an infusion rate of 75 μg/kg of body weight per minute was preferred. Pentobarbital infusion alone, begun at the rate of 5 to 6 mg·kg-1·h-1, was satisfactory. The combination of both drugs provided smooth, stable anesthesia and required minimal interventions by intensive care unit personnel. Blood gas tensions and electrolyte, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and metabolite concentrations were generally stable throughout, unless condition of the dog deteriorated (e.g., infection, pneumothorax). Hematocrit and red blood cell count decreased with time, likely attributable principally to multiple blood sample collections. White blood cell count, alkaline phosphatase, phosphate, fibrinogen, cholesterol, and triglyceride values increased with time, in association with pentobarbital and the combination of pentobarbital and propofol. Some of these changes appear to have been related to generic responses to stress and inflammation, some to altered metabolism, and some to the lipid solvent of propofol. The increase in triglyceride concentration was greater when propofol was used. Mortality was 47%, with death occurring between days 2 and 18.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Laboratory Animal Science|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology