OBJECTIVES: To present consensus statements and supporting literature for plasma and platelet transfusions in critically ill children with severe trauma, traumatic brain injury, and/or intracranial hemorrhage from the Transfusion and Anemia EXpertise Initiative-Control/Avoidance of Bleeding. DESIGN: Systematic review and consensus conference of international, multidisciplinary experts in platelet and plasma transfusion management of critically ill children. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENTS: Critically ill neonates and children with severe trauma, traumatic brain injury, and/or intracranial hemorrhage. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A panel of eight experts developed expert-based statements for plasma and platelet transfusions in critically ill neonates and children with severe trauma, traumatic brain injury, and/or intracranial hemorrhage. These statements were reviewed and ratified by the 29 Transfusion and Anemia EXpertise Initiative-Control/Avoidance of Bleeding experts. A systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases, from inception to December 2020. Consensus was obtained using the Research and Development/University of California, Los Angeles Appropriateness Method. Results were summarized using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation method. We developed one good practice statement and six expert consensus statements. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of evidence precludes proposing recommendations on monitoring of the coagulation system and on plasma and platelets transfusion in critically ill pediatric patients with severe trauma, severe traumatic brain injury, or nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage.
- Intracranial hemorrhage
- Platelet transfusion
- Traumatic brain injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine