Pial nongalenic arteriovenous fistulas are rare vascular lesions of the brain. The recent decades have brought a new understanding of the origins and associations of these fistulas as well as improvements in diagnosis and treatment. Pediatric patients with nongalenic arteriovenous fistulas are increasingly likely to have good clinical outcomes except in the most complex cases. Recent advances and areas for further investigation will be reviewed.
- Nongalenic pial AVF
- Pial nongalenic AVF
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging