Autophagy plays important roles in defense against pathogens. Lal et al. show that effector proteins from various plant pathogens target proteins that constitute core autophagy machinery to promote infection. Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato effectors HrpZ1, HopF3, and AvrPtoB employ distinct molecular strategies to enhance and suppress autophagy.
- Pseudomonas syringae
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