Physicochemical characterization and monoclonal and polyclonal antibody recognition of Baylisascaris procyonis larval excretory-secretory antigens.

Walter M Boyce, D. J. Asai, J. K. Wilder, K. R. Kazacos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Baylisascaris procyonis larval excretory-secretory (ES) antigens consisted of complex glycoproteins ranging from 10 kDa to over 200 kDa as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and lectin binding. Five monoclonal antibodies (Bapr1-Bapr5) produced against B. procyonis ES antigens were assayed by western blotting with larval ES antigens from B. procyonis, Baylisascaris melis, Baylisascaris transfuga, Ascaris suum, and Toxocara canis. Bapr1 and Bapr2 recognized periodate-sensitive epitopes on 14-kDa ES components of B. procyonis, B. melis, and B. transfuga, whereas Bapr4 and Bapr5 recognized periodate-resistant epitopes present on 55-kDa ES components of B. procyonis and B. melis. Bapr3 primarily recognized periodate-resistant epitopes on 33-45-kDa components of B. procyonis and B. melis ES. Heterologous rabbit antisera cross-reacted with many B. procyonis ES antigens on western blots, but recognition of the 33-45-kDa components was genus-specific. Normal human sera and T. canis-positive human sera also cross-reacted with many B. procyonis ES antigens, including those of 33-45 kDa. However, periodate oxidation markedly decreased cross-reactions and allowed for differential immunodiagnosis of B. procyonis versus T. canis. These studies demonstrated that antibody recognition of carbohydrate epitopes on ES components is an important cause of cross-reactions in antibody detection assays. Recognition of periodate-resistant (protein) epitopes on the 33-45-kDa B. procyonis ES components appears to be useful for genus-specific immunodiagnosis of larva migrans caused by Baylisascaris spp.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-548
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume75
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology

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