Porous fiber-reinforced chitosan nerve conduits were fabricated from chitosan yarns and a chitosan solution by combining an industrial braiding method with a mold casting/lyophilization technique. The conduits were permeable to molecules ranging in molecular size from 180 Da (glucose) to 66,200 Da (BSA). The compressive load of the reinforced conduits was significantly higher than that of a non-reinforced control conduit at equal levels of strain. The tensile strength of the reinforced conduits was also increased from 0.41 ± 0.17 to 3.69 ± 0.64 MPa. An in vitro cytotoxicity test showed the conduits were not cytotoxic to Neuro-2a cells. Preliminary in vivo implantation testing indicated that the conduits were compatible with the surrounding tissue.
- Nerve conduit
- Nerve regeneration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology