Physical activity and years of healthy life in older adults: Results from the Cardiovascular Health Study

Calvin H Hirsch, Paula Diehr, Anne B. Newman, Shirley A. Gerrior, Charlotte Pratt, Michael D. Lebowitz, Sharon A. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about how many years of life and disability-free years seniors can gain through exercise. Using data from the Cardiovascular Health Study, the authors estimated the extra years of life and self-reported healthy life (over 11 years) and years without impairment in activities of daily living (over 6 years) associated with quintiles of physical activity (PA) in older adults from different age groups. They estimated PA from the Minnesota Leisure Time Activities Questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression adjusted for health-related covariates. The relative gains in survival and years of healthy life (YHL) generally were proportionate to the amount of PA, greater among those 75+, and higher in men. Compared with being sedentary, the most active men 75+ had 1.49 more YHL (95% CI: 0.79, 2.19), and the most active women 75+ had 1.06 more YHL (95% CI: 0.44, 1.68). Seniors over age 74 experience the largest relative gains in survival and healthy life from physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-334
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume18
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Aging
  • Exercise
  • Health status
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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    Hirsch, C. H., Diehr, P., Newman, A. B., Gerrior, S. A., Pratt, C., Lebowitz, M. D., & Jackson, S. A. (2010). Physical activity and years of healthy life in older adults: Results from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 18(3), 313-334.