Phylogenetic diversity of Streptococcus suis strains of various serotypes as revealed by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison

Sonia Chatellier, Josée Harel, Ying Zhang, Marcelo Gottschalk, Robert Higgins, Luc A. Devriese, Roland Brousseau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 16S rRNA gene sequences of reference strains of Streptococcus suis serotypes 1-34 and 1/2 were determined. A comparative sequence analysis showed that the degree of sequence similarity between S. suis reference strains ranged from 93.94 to 100%. A dendrogram was constructed from the similarity matrix. Thirty-two strains representing 32 serotypes fell into a major group divided into three clusters. The other strains, S. suis serotypes 32, 33 and 34, were more distant. Biochemical characterization of the six more distant strains, including S. suis serotypes 20, 22, 26, 32, 33 and 34, revealed a profile similar to that of other S. suis serotypes. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of S. suis reference strains with sequences of other members of the genus Streptococcus indicated that, with the exception of S. suis serotypes 32, 33 and 34, reference strains did not cluster with any other species in the genus. In conclusion, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis defined a major group of S. suis reference strains which were very closely related and a higher divergence for S. suis serotypes 32, 33 and 34. However, to date, there is no strong evidence to reclassify strains of these serotypes in another species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-589
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic Bacteriology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis
  • Streptococcus suis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology

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