Phosphorylation of p70(S6k) correlates with increased skeletal muscle mass following resistance exercise

Keith Baar, Karyn Esser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

524 Scopus citations


High-resistance exercise training results in an increase in muscle wet mass and protein content. To begin to address the acute changes following a single bout of high-resistance exercise, a new model has been developed. Training rats twice a week for 6 wk resulted in 13.9 and 14.4% hypertrophy in the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles, respectively. Polysome profiles after high-resistance lengthening contractions suggest that the rate of initiation is increased. The activity of the 70-kDa S6 protein kinase (p70(S6k)), a regulator of translation initiation, is also increased following high-resistance lengthening contractions (TA, 363 ± 29%; EDL, 353 ± 39%). Furthermore, the increase in p70(S6k) activity 6 h after exercise correlates with the percent change in muscle mass after 6 wk of training (r = 0.998). The tight correlation between the activation of p70(S6k) and the long-term increase in muscle mass suggests that p70(S6k) phosphorylation may be a good marker for the phenotypic changes that characterize muscle hypertrophy and may play a role in load-induced skeletal muscle growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number1 45-1
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Hypertrophic model
  • Initiation
  • Polysomes
  • Translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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