The poor prognosis associated with patients afflicted with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and primary central nervous system lymphoma (AIDS- PCNSL) is due in part to the intrinsic resistance of this Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated tumor to conventional antineoplastic therapy. Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane protein receptor that transmits an intracellular signal leading to rapid programmed cell death following ligation with its natural ligand or anti-Fas antibodies. Fas expression and function were assessed in AIDS-PCNSL biopsy samples and in EBV+ human B-cell tumors that spontaneously developed in severe combined immune deficient (SCID) mice engrafted with human lymphocytes (hu-PBL-SCID mice). All tumors samples showed high-density surface expression of Fas by flow cytometry or immunohistochemical staining. Cells from two AIDS-PCNSL biopsy samples that did not express pan B-cell markers did not express Fas antigen. All tumors examined were susceptible to Fas-mediated apoptosis, as measured by standard assays for endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA. The response to Fas-mediated apoptosis was dependent on log- fold increases in the concentration of immobilized anti-Fas antibody, but could also be induced with a mobilized anti-Fas antibody. No evidence for intrinsic resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis (ie, secreted or truncated forms of Fas) could be shown. Radiation-induced apoptosis of neoplastic EBV+ B cells was enhanced by activation of Fas, and prolonged exposure to interleukin-2 increased both Fas expression and Fas-induced apoptosis. As the normal brain parenchyma appears to have either low-density or absent expression of Fas, and antineoplastic therapy can be selectively delivered to the CNS with little systemic toxicity, local delivery of Fas-activating molecules could prove to be a useful component in the multimodal treatment of AIDS-PCNSL.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1997|
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