Phenobarbital use and neurological problems in FMR1 premutation carriers

Wilmar Saldarriaga, Pamela J Lein, Laura Yuriko González Teshima, Carolina Isaza, Lina Rosa, Andrew Polyak, Randi J Hagerman, Santhosh Girirajan, Marisol Silva, Flora Tassone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a CGG expansion in the FMR1 gene located at Xq27.3. Patients with the premutation in FMR1 present specific clinical problems associated with the number of CGG repeats (55-200 CGG repeats). Premutation carriers have elevated FMR1 mRNA expression levels, which have been associated with neurotoxicity potentially causing neurodevelopmental problems or neurological problems associated with aging. However, cognitive impairments or neurological problems may also be related to increased vulnerability of premutation carriers to neurotoxicants, including phenobarbital. Here we present a study of three sisters with the premutation who were exposed differentially to phenobarbital therapy throughout their lives, allowing us to compare the neurological effects of this drug in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • FMR1
  • Fragile X
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Pesticides
  • Phenobarbital
  • Premutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

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    Saldarriaga, W., Lein, P. J., González Teshima, L. Y., Isaza, C., Rosa, L., Polyak, A., Hagerman, R. J., Girirajan, S., Silva, M., & Tassone, F. (2016). Phenobarbital use and neurological problems in FMR1 premutation carriers. NeuroToxicology, 53, 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2016.01.008