Phase i study of the combination of temsirolimus and pazopanib in advanced solid tumors

Thomas Semrad, Courtney Eddings, Mrinal P. Dutia, Scott D Christensen, Primo N Lara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inhibition of either vascular endothelial growth factor receptor or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling improves outcomes in patients with several advanced solid tumors. We conducted a phase I trial of temsirolimus with pazopanib to investigate the feasibility of simultaneous 'vertical inhibition' of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and mTOR pathways. Patients with advanced solid tumors, no previous pazopanib or mTOR inhibitor, good performance status, and acceptable end-organ function were eligible. In a typical 3+3 escalation design starting at temsirolimus 15 mg by an intravenous infusion weekly and pazopanib 400 mg orally daily, we defined dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) as attributable grade 3 or higher nonhematologic adverse events in the first 28-day cycle and the maximum tolerable dose as the maximum dose level at which less than two patients experienced DLT. At the initial dose level, two patients had four DLTs (anorexia, fatigue, hyponatremia, and hypophosphatemia). After reduction to temsirolimus 10 mg intravenous infusion weekly and pazopanib 200 mg orally daily, one of three patients had DLT (fatigue) and the first patient in the subsequent expansion had dose-limiting hypophosphatemia. Attributable grade 3 or higher adverse events in more than one patient included leukopenia, neutropenia, fatigue, and hypophosphatemia. Tumor reduction not fulfilling the RECIST criteria for partial response was the best response in four of seven evaluable patients. The combination of temsirolimus and pazopanib was not feasible at clinically meaningful doses in this population because of constitutional and electrolyte disturbances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-640
Number of pages5
JournalAnti-Cancer Drugs
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • pazopanib
  • phase I
  • renal cell carcinoma
  • temsirolimus
  • vertical inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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