In two studies, six healthy adult horses were given imipenem-cilastatin by slow intravenous (i.v.) infusion at an imipenem dosage of 10 mg/kg (study 1) and 20 mg/kg (study 2). The same horses were used in each dosage schedule, with a 2-week washout period between studies. In each dosage group, serial blood and synovial fluid samples were collected for 6 h after completion of the infusion. HPLC was used to determine the imipenem concentration in all samples. Imipenem was well tolerated by all horses at both dosages; no adverse effects were noted during the study period or during the 24-hour postinfusion observation period. The pharmacokinetic profiles of imipenem in the plasma and synovial fluid indicate that an imipenem dosage of 10-20 mg/kg by slow i.v. infusion q6h (every 6 h) is appropriate for most susceptible pathogens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Aug 2005|
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