Pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. Six adult cats were used. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. End-tidal isoflurane concentration was set at 2% and adjusted as required due to spontaneous movement. Fentanyl (10 μg/kg), alfentanil (100 μg/kg), or sufentanil (1 μg/kg) was administered intravenously as a bolus, on separate days. Blood samples were collected immediately before and for 8 h following drug administration. Plasma drug concentration was determined using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Compartment models were fitted to concentration-time data. A 3-compartment model best fitted the concentration-time data for all drugs, except for 1 cat in the sufentanil group (excluded from analysis). The volume of the central compartment and the volume of distribution at steady-state (L/kg) [mean ± SEM (range)], the clearance (mL/min/kg) [harmonic mean ± pseudo-SD (range)], and the terminal half-life (min) [median (range)] were 0.25 ± 0.04 (0.09-0.34), 2.18 ± 0.16 (1.79-2.83), 18.6 ± 5.0 (15-29.8), and 151 (115-211) for fentanyl; 0.10 ± 0.01 (0.07-0.14), 0.89 ± 0.16 (0.68-1.83), 11.6 ± 2.6 (9.2-15.8), and 144 (118-501) for alfentanil; and 0.06 ± 0.01 (0.04-0.10), 0.77 ± 0.07 (0.63-0.99), 17.6 ± 4.3 (13.9-24.3), and 54 (46-76) for sufentanil. Differences in clearance and volume of distribution result in similar terminal half-lives for fentanyl and alfentanil, longer than for sufentanil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

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Sufentanil
Alfentanil
fentanyl
Isoflurane
isoflurane
Fentanyl
pharmacokinetics
Cats
Pharmacokinetics
cats
drugs
half life
Pharmaceutical Preparations
liquid chromatography
anesthesia
Liquid Chromatography
mass spectrometry
Half-Life
Mass Spectrometry
oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

@article{3aa75a39ec204480bb111df37506a045,
title = "Pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. Six adult cats were used. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. End-tidal isoflurane concentration was set at 2{\%} and adjusted as required due to spontaneous movement. Fentanyl (10 μg/kg), alfentanil (100 μg/kg), or sufentanil (1 μg/kg) was administered intravenously as a bolus, on separate days. Blood samples were collected immediately before and for 8 h following drug administration. Plasma drug concentration was determined using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Compartment models were fitted to concentration-time data. A 3-compartment model best fitted the concentration-time data for all drugs, except for 1 cat in the sufentanil group (excluded from analysis). The volume of the central compartment and the volume of distribution at steady-state (L/kg) [mean ± SEM (range)], the clearance (mL/min/kg) [harmonic mean ± pseudo-SD (range)], and the terminal half-life (min) [median (range)] were 0.25 ± 0.04 (0.09-0.34), 2.18 ± 0.16 (1.79-2.83), 18.6 ± 5.0 (15-29.8), and 151 (115-211) for fentanyl; 0.10 ± 0.01 (0.07-0.14), 0.89 ± 0.16 (0.68-1.83), 11.6 ± 2.6 (9.2-15.8), and 144 (118-501) for alfentanil; and 0.06 ± 0.01 (0.04-0.10), 0.77 ± 0.07 (0.63-0.99), 17.6 ± 4.3 (13.9-24.3), and 54 (46-76) for sufentanil. Differences in clearance and volume of distribution result in similar terminal half-lives for fentanyl and alfentanil, longer than for sufentanil.",
author = "Pypendop, {Bruno H} and Brosnan, {Robert J} and Majewski-Tiedeken, {C. R.} and Stanley, {Scott D} and Jan Ilkiw",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/jvp.12047",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "13--17",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics",
issn = "0140-7783",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats

AU - Pypendop, Bruno H

AU - Brosnan, Robert J

AU - Majewski-Tiedeken, C. R.

AU - Stanley, Scott D

AU - Ilkiw, Jan

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. Six adult cats were used. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. End-tidal isoflurane concentration was set at 2% and adjusted as required due to spontaneous movement. Fentanyl (10 μg/kg), alfentanil (100 μg/kg), or sufentanil (1 μg/kg) was administered intravenously as a bolus, on separate days. Blood samples were collected immediately before and for 8 h following drug administration. Plasma drug concentration was determined using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Compartment models were fitted to concentration-time data. A 3-compartment model best fitted the concentration-time data for all drugs, except for 1 cat in the sufentanil group (excluded from analysis). The volume of the central compartment and the volume of distribution at steady-state (L/kg) [mean ± SEM (range)], the clearance (mL/min/kg) [harmonic mean ± pseudo-SD (range)], and the terminal half-life (min) [median (range)] were 0.25 ± 0.04 (0.09-0.34), 2.18 ± 0.16 (1.79-2.83), 18.6 ± 5.0 (15-29.8), and 151 (115-211) for fentanyl; 0.10 ± 0.01 (0.07-0.14), 0.89 ± 0.16 (0.68-1.83), 11.6 ± 2.6 (9.2-15.8), and 144 (118-501) for alfentanil; and 0.06 ± 0.01 (0.04-0.10), 0.77 ± 0.07 (0.63-0.99), 17.6 ± 4.3 (13.9-24.3), and 54 (46-76) for sufentanil. Differences in clearance and volume of distribution result in similar terminal half-lives for fentanyl and alfentanil, longer than for sufentanil.

AB - The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. Six adult cats were used. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. End-tidal isoflurane concentration was set at 2% and adjusted as required due to spontaneous movement. Fentanyl (10 μg/kg), alfentanil (100 μg/kg), or sufentanil (1 μg/kg) was administered intravenously as a bolus, on separate days. Blood samples were collected immediately before and for 8 h following drug administration. Plasma drug concentration was determined using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Compartment models were fitted to concentration-time data. A 3-compartment model best fitted the concentration-time data for all drugs, except for 1 cat in the sufentanil group (excluded from analysis). The volume of the central compartment and the volume of distribution at steady-state (L/kg) [mean ± SEM (range)], the clearance (mL/min/kg) [harmonic mean ± pseudo-SD (range)], and the terminal half-life (min) [median (range)] were 0.25 ± 0.04 (0.09-0.34), 2.18 ± 0.16 (1.79-2.83), 18.6 ± 5.0 (15-29.8), and 151 (115-211) for fentanyl; 0.10 ± 0.01 (0.07-0.14), 0.89 ± 0.16 (0.68-1.83), 11.6 ± 2.6 (9.2-15.8), and 144 (118-501) for alfentanil; and 0.06 ± 0.01 (0.04-0.10), 0.77 ± 0.07 (0.63-0.99), 17.6 ± 4.3 (13.9-24.3), and 54 (46-76) for sufentanil. Differences in clearance and volume of distribution result in similar terminal half-lives for fentanyl and alfentanil, longer than for sufentanil.

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DO - 10.1111/jvp.12047

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