Pharmacokinetics of erythromycin estolate and erythromycin phosphate after intragastric administration to healthy foals

Jeffrey Lakritz, William D Wilson, Antoinette E. Marsh, Judy E. Mihalyi

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Abstract

Objective - To determine pharmacokinetics and plasma concentrations of erythromycin and related compounds after intragastric administration of erythromycin phosphate and erythromycin estolate to healthy foals. Animals - 11 healthy 2- to 6-month-old foals. Procedure - Food was withheld from foals overnight before intragastric administration of erythromycin estolate (25 mg/kg of body weight; n = 8) and erythromycin phosphate (25 mg/kg; 7). Four foals received both drugs with 2 weeks between treatments. Plasma erythromycin concentrations were determined at various times after drug administration by use of high-performance liquid chromatography. Maximum plasma peak concentrations, time to maximum concentrations, area under plasma concentration versus time curves, half-life of elimination, and mean residence times were determined from concentration versus time curves. Results - Maximum peak concentration of erythromycin A after administration of erythromycin phosphate was significantly greater than after administration of erythromycin estolate (2.9 ± 1.1 μg/ml vs 1.0 ± 0.82 μg/ml). Time to maximum concentration was shorter after administration of erythromycin phosphate than after erythromycin estolate (0.71 ± 0.29 hours vs 1.7 ± 1.2 hours). Concentrations of anhydroerythromycin A were significantly less 1 and 3 hours after administration of erythromycin estolate than after administration of erythromycin phosphate. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Plasma concentrations of erythromycin A remained > 0.25 μg/ml (reported minimum inhibitory concentration for Rhodococcus equi) for at least 4 hours after intragastric administration of erythromycin phosphate or erythromycin estolate, suggesting that the recommended dosage for either formulation (25 mg/kg, q 6 h) should be adequate for treatment of Requi infections in foals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)914-919
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume61
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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