Pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous administration in male cats

Bruno H Pypendop, J. Honkavaara, Jan Ilkiw

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Abstract

This study characterized the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous bolus administration to cats. Seven 6- to-year-old male neutered cats, weighting 5.1 ± 0.7 kg, were used in a randomized, crossover design. Dexmedetomidine [12.5 (D12.5) and 25 (D25) μg/kg], MK-467 [300 μg/kg (M300)] or dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and MK-467 [75, 150, 300 or 600 μg/kg-only the plasma concentrations in the 600 μg/kg group (D25M600) were analyzed] were administered intravenously, and blood was collected until 8 hours thereafter. Plasma drug concentrations were analyzed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. A two-compartment model best fitted the data. Median (range) volume of the central compartment (mL/kg), volume of distribution at steady state (mL/kg), clearance (mL min/kg) and terminal half-life (min) were 342 (131-660), 829 (496-1243), 14.6 (9.6-22.7) and 48 (40-69) for D12.5; 296 (179-982), 1111 (908-2175), 18.2 (12.4-22.9) and 52 (40-76) for D25; 653 (392-927), 1595 (1094-1887), 22.7 (18.5-36.4) and 48 (35-60) for dexmedetomidine in D25M600; 117 (112-163), 491 (379-604), 3.0 (2.0-4.5) and 122 (99-139) for M300; and 147 (112-173), 462 (403-714), 2.8 (2.1-4.8) and 118 (97-172) for MK-467 in D25M600. MK-467 moderately but statistically significantly affected the disposition of dexmedetomidine, whereas dexmedetomidine minimally affected the disposition of MK-467.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

L 659066
dexmedetomidine
Dexmedetomidine
intravenous injection
Intravenous Administration
pharmacokinetics
Cats
Pharmacokinetics
cats
Liquid Chromatography
Cross-Over Studies
liquid chromatography
half life
Half-Life
Mass Spectrometry
mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

@article{0cda44a6d53c4cbf84db08c6087f58fb,
title = "Pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous administration in male cats",
abstract = "This study characterized the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous bolus administration to cats. Seven 6- to-year-old male neutered cats, weighting 5.1 ± 0.7 kg, were used in a randomized, crossover design. Dexmedetomidine [12.5 (D12.5) and 25 (D25) μg/kg], MK-467 [300 μg/kg (M300)] or dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and MK-467 [75, 150, 300 or 600 μg/kg-only the plasma concentrations in the 600 μg/kg group (D25M600) were analyzed] were administered intravenously, and blood was collected until 8 hours thereafter. Plasma drug concentrations were analyzed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. A two-compartment model best fitted the data. Median (range) volume of the central compartment (mL/kg), volume of distribution at steady state (mL/kg), clearance (mL min/kg) and terminal half-life (min) were 342 (131-660), 829 (496-1243), 14.6 (9.6-22.7) and 48 (40-69) for D12.5; 296 (179-982), 1111 (908-2175), 18.2 (12.4-22.9) and 52 (40-76) for D25; 653 (392-927), 1595 (1094-1887), 22.7 (18.5-36.4) and 48 (35-60) for dexmedetomidine in D25M600; 117 (112-163), 491 (379-604), 3.0 (2.0-4.5) and 122 (99-139) for M300; and 147 (112-173), 462 (403-714), 2.8 (2.1-4.8) and 118 (97-172) for MK-467 in D25M600. MK-467 moderately but statistically significantly affected the disposition of dexmedetomidine, whereas dexmedetomidine minimally affected the disposition of MK-467.",
author = "Pypendop, {Bruno H} and J. Honkavaara and Jan Ilkiw",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/jvp.12302",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics",
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T1 - Pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous administration in male cats

AU - Pypendop, Bruno H

AU - Honkavaara, J.

AU - Ilkiw, Jan

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Y1 - 2016

N2 - This study characterized the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous bolus administration to cats. Seven 6- to-year-old male neutered cats, weighting 5.1 ± 0.7 kg, were used in a randomized, crossover design. Dexmedetomidine [12.5 (D12.5) and 25 (D25) μg/kg], MK-467 [300 μg/kg (M300)] or dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and MK-467 [75, 150, 300 or 600 μg/kg-only the plasma concentrations in the 600 μg/kg group (D25M600) were analyzed] were administered intravenously, and blood was collected until 8 hours thereafter. Plasma drug concentrations were analyzed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. A two-compartment model best fitted the data. Median (range) volume of the central compartment (mL/kg), volume of distribution at steady state (mL/kg), clearance (mL min/kg) and terminal half-life (min) were 342 (131-660), 829 (496-1243), 14.6 (9.6-22.7) and 48 (40-69) for D12.5; 296 (179-982), 1111 (908-2175), 18.2 (12.4-22.9) and 52 (40-76) for D25; 653 (392-927), 1595 (1094-1887), 22.7 (18.5-36.4) and 48 (35-60) for dexmedetomidine in D25M600; 117 (112-163), 491 (379-604), 3.0 (2.0-4.5) and 122 (99-139) for M300; and 147 (112-173), 462 (403-714), 2.8 (2.1-4.8) and 118 (97-172) for MK-467 in D25M600. MK-467 moderately but statistically significantly affected the disposition of dexmedetomidine, whereas dexmedetomidine minimally affected the disposition of MK-467.

AB - This study characterized the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467, and their combination following intravenous bolus administration to cats. Seven 6- to-year-old male neutered cats, weighting 5.1 ± 0.7 kg, were used in a randomized, crossover design. Dexmedetomidine [12.5 (D12.5) and 25 (D25) μg/kg], MK-467 [300 μg/kg (M300)] or dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and MK-467 [75, 150, 300 or 600 μg/kg-only the plasma concentrations in the 600 μg/kg group (D25M600) were analyzed] were administered intravenously, and blood was collected until 8 hours thereafter. Plasma drug concentrations were analyzed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. A two-compartment model best fitted the data. Median (range) volume of the central compartment (mL/kg), volume of distribution at steady state (mL/kg), clearance (mL min/kg) and terminal half-life (min) were 342 (131-660), 829 (496-1243), 14.6 (9.6-22.7) and 48 (40-69) for D12.5; 296 (179-982), 1111 (908-2175), 18.2 (12.4-22.9) and 52 (40-76) for D25; 653 (392-927), 1595 (1094-1887), 22.7 (18.5-36.4) and 48 (35-60) for dexmedetomidine in D25M600; 117 (112-163), 491 (379-604), 3.0 (2.0-4.5) and 122 (99-139) for M300; and 147 (112-173), 462 (403-714), 2.8 (2.1-4.8) and 118 (97-172) for MK-467 in D25M600. MK-467 moderately but statistically significantly affected the disposition of dexmedetomidine, whereas dexmedetomidine minimally affected the disposition of MK-467.

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