Pharmacokinetics and normal organ dosimetry following intraperitoneal rhenium-186-labeled monoclonal antibody

H. B. Breitz, J. S. Durham, D. R. Fisher, P. L. Weiden, Gerald L Denardo, H. M. Goodgold, W. B. Nelp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and radiation dose estimates following intraperitoneal administration of a 166Re-labeled murine antibody, NR-LU- 10, were assessed in 27 patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Methods: Quantitative gamma camera imaging and gamma counting of serum and intraperitoneal fluid radioactivity were used to obtain data for dosimetry estimation. The MIRD intraperitoneal model was used to estimate dose to normal organs from radioactivity within the peritoneal cavity. The adsorbed dose to normal peritoneum was estimated in two ways: from the gamma camera activity and peritoneal fluid samples. Results: Serum activity peaked at 44 hr and depended on the concentration of radioactivity in the peritoneal fluid. Mean cumulative urinary excretion of 166Re was 50% by 140 hr. Estimates of radiation absorbed dose to normal organs in rad/mCi administered (mean ± s.d.) were whole body 0.7 ± 0.3; marrow 0.4 ± 0.1; liver 1.9 ± 0.9; lungs 1.3 ± 0.7; kidneys 0.2 ± 0.2; intestine 0.2 ± 0.2. Peritoneal surface dose estimates varied depending on the volume of fluid infused and the method of dose determination. Using gamma camera data, the peritoneal dose ranged from 7 to 36 rad/mCi. Using peritoneal fluid sample data, the dose ranged from 2 to 25 rad/mCi. Significant myelosuppression was observed at marrow doses above 100 rad. Conclusion: Noninvasive methods of dose estimation for intraperitoneal administration of radioimmunoconjugates provide reasonable estimates when compared with previously described methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-761
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume36
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dosimetry
  • intraperitoneal
  • monoclonal antibody
  • rhenium-186

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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