Pharmacokinetics and in vivo potency of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors in cynomolgus monkeys

A. Ulu, S. E. Appt, C. Morisseau, S. H. Hwang, P. D. Jones, T. E. Rose, H. Dong, J. Lango, J. Yang, H. J. Tsai, C. Miyabe, C. Fortenbach, M. R. Adams, B. D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors (sEHIs) possess anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic, antihypertensive and analgesic properties. The pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics in terms of inhibitory potency of sEHIs were assessed in non-human primates (NHPs). Development of a sEHI for use in NHPs will facilitate investigations on the role of sEH in numerous chronic inflammatory conditions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH PK parameters of 11 sEHIs in cynomolgus monkeys were determined after oral dosing with 0.3 mg·kg -1. Their physical properties and inhibitory potency in hepatic cytosol of cynomolgus monkeys were examined. Dose-dependent effects of the two inhibitors 1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidin- 4-yl) urea (TPPU) and the related acetyl piperidine derivative, 1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-acetylpiperidin-4-yl) urea (TPAU), on natural blood eicosanoids, were determined. KEY RESULTS Among the inhibitors tested, TPPU and two 4-(cyclohexyloxy) benzoic acid urea sEHIs displayed high plasma concentrations (>10 × IC 50), when dosed orally at 0.3 mg·kg -1. Although the 4-(cyclohexyloxy) benzoic acid ureas were more potent against monkey sEH than piperidyl ureas (TPAU and TPPU), the latter compounds showed higher plasma concentrations and more drug-like properties. The C max increased with dose from 0.3 to 3 mg·kg -1 for TPPU and from 0.1 to 3 mg·kg -1 for TPAU, although it was not linear over this range of doses. As an indication of target engagement, ratios of linoleate epoxides to diols increased with TPPU administration. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS Our data indicate that TPPU is suitable for investigating sEH biology and the role of epoxide-containing lipids in modulating inflammatory diseases in NHPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1401-1412
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • atherosclerosis
  • cynomolgus monkeys
  • pharmacokinetics
  • soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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