Epidemiological evidence shows that the sopE1 gene is associated with Salmonella Typhimurium phage types causing epidemics in cattle. In this study we demonstrate that horizontal transfer of the sopE1 gene by lysogenic conversion with the SopEΦ increased enteropathogenicity of S. Typhimurium in the bovine ligated ileal loop model. These data support the hypothesis that phage mediated horizontal transfer of the sopE1 gene contributes to the emergence of epidemic cattle-associated S. Typhimurium clones.
- Horizontal gene transfer
- Type III secretion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology