Personality, environmental stressors, and diarrhea in Rhesus macaques

An interactionist perspective

Daniel H. Gottlieb, Laura Del Rosso, Farnoosh Sheikhi, Andrea Gottlieb, Brenda Mccowan, John P. Capitanio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research has repeatedly shown both personality and psychological stress to predict gastrointestinal disorders and chronic diarrhea in humans. The goal of the present research was to evaluate the role of personality, as well as psychological stressors (i.e., housing relocations and rearing environment), in predicting chronic diarrhea in captive Rhesus macaques, with particular attention to how personality regulated the impact of such stressors. Subjects were 1,930 R. macaques at the California National Primate Research Center reared in a variety of environments. All subjects took part in an extensive personality evaluation at approximately 90–120 days of age. Data were analyzed using generalized linear models to determine how personality, rearing condition, housing relocations, and personality by environment interactions, predicted both diarrhea risk (an animal's risk for having diarrhea at least once) and chronic diarrhea (how many repeated bouts of diarrhea an animal had after their initial bout). Much like the human literature, we found that certain personality types (i.e., nervous, gentle, vigilant, and not confident) were more likely to have chronic diarrhea, and that certain stressful environments (i.e., repeated housing relocations) increased diarrhea risk. We further found multiple interactions between personality and environment, supporting the “interactionist” perspective on personality and health. We conclude that while certain stressful environments increase risk for chronic diarrhea, the relative impact of these stressors is highly dependent on an animal's personality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Macaca mulatta
diarrhea
relocation
rearing
animal
housing conditions
primate
animals
digestive system diseases
Primates
linear models

Keywords

  • diarrhea
  • macaque
  • personality
  • primate
  • temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Personality, environmental stressors, and diarrhea in Rhesus macaques : An interactionist perspective. / Gottlieb, Daniel H.; Del Rosso, Laura; Sheikhi, Farnoosh; Gottlieb, Andrea; Mccowan, Brenda; Capitanio, John P.

In: American Journal of Primatology, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gottlieb, Daniel H. ; Del Rosso, Laura ; Sheikhi, Farnoosh ; Gottlieb, Andrea ; Mccowan, Brenda ; Capitanio, John P. / Personality, environmental stressors, and diarrhea in Rhesus macaques : An interactionist perspective. In: American Journal of Primatology. 2018.
@article{31abcc71b08f4070a5b436baaf481a23,
title = "Personality, environmental stressors, and diarrhea in Rhesus macaques: An interactionist perspective",
abstract = "Previous research has repeatedly shown both personality and psychological stress to predict gastrointestinal disorders and chronic diarrhea in humans. The goal of the present research was to evaluate the role of personality, as well as psychological stressors (i.e., housing relocations and rearing environment), in predicting chronic diarrhea in captive Rhesus macaques, with particular attention to how personality regulated the impact of such stressors. Subjects were 1,930 R. macaques at the California National Primate Research Center reared in a variety of environments. All subjects took part in an extensive personality evaluation at approximately 90–120 days of age. Data were analyzed using generalized linear models to determine how personality, rearing condition, housing relocations, and personality by environment interactions, predicted both diarrhea risk (an animal's risk for having diarrhea at least once) and chronic diarrhea (how many repeated bouts of diarrhea an animal had after their initial bout). Much like the human literature, we found that certain personality types (i.e., nervous, gentle, vigilant, and not confident) were more likely to have chronic diarrhea, and that certain stressful environments (i.e., repeated housing relocations) increased diarrhea risk. We further found multiple interactions between personality and environment, supporting the “interactionist” perspective on personality and health. We conclude that while certain stressful environments increase risk for chronic diarrhea, the relative impact of these stressors is highly dependent on an animal's personality.",
keywords = "diarrhea, macaque, personality, primate, temperament",
author = "Gottlieb, {Daniel H.} and {Del Rosso}, Laura and Farnoosh Sheikhi and Andrea Gottlieb and Brenda Mccowan and Capitanio, {John P.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ajp.22908",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "American Journal of Primatology",
issn = "0275-2565",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality, environmental stressors, and diarrhea in Rhesus macaques

T2 - An interactionist perspective

AU - Gottlieb, Daniel H.

AU - Del Rosso, Laura

AU - Sheikhi, Farnoosh

AU - Gottlieb, Andrea

AU - Mccowan, Brenda

AU - Capitanio, John P.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Previous research has repeatedly shown both personality and psychological stress to predict gastrointestinal disorders and chronic diarrhea in humans. The goal of the present research was to evaluate the role of personality, as well as psychological stressors (i.e., housing relocations and rearing environment), in predicting chronic diarrhea in captive Rhesus macaques, with particular attention to how personality regulated the impact of such stressors. Subjects were 1,930 R. macaques at the California National Primate Research Center reared in a variety of environments. All subjects took part in an extensive personality evaluation at approximately 90–120 days of age. Data were analyzed using generalized linear models to determine how personality, rearing condition, housing relocations, and personality by environment interactions, predicted both diarrhea risk (an animal's risk for having diarrhea at least once) and chronic diarrhea (how many repeated bouts of diarrhea an animal had after their initial bout). Much like the human literature, we found that certain personality types (i.e., nervous, gentle, vigilant, and not confident) were more likely to have chronic diarrhea, and that certain stressful environments (i.e., repeated housing relocations) increased diarrhea risk. We further found multiple interactions between personality and environment, supporting the “interactionist” perspective on personality and health. We conclude that while certain stressful environments increase risk for chronic diarrhea, the relative impact of these stressors is highly dependent on an animal's personality.

AB - Previous research has repeatedly shown both personality and psychological stress to predict gastrointestinal disorders and chronic diarrhea in humans. The goal of the present research was to evaluate the role of personality, as well as psychological stressors (i.e., housing relocations and rearing environment), in predicting chronic diarrhea in captive Rhesus macaques, with particular attention to how personality regulated the impact of such stressors. Subjects were 1,930 R. macaques at the California National Primate Research Center reared in a variety of environments. All subjects took part in an extensive personality evaluation at approximately 90–120 days of age. Data were analyzed using generalized linear models to determine how personality, rearing condition, housing relocations, and personality by environment interactions, predicted both diarrhea risk (an animal's risk for having diarrhea at least once) and chronic diarrhea (how many repeated bouts of diarrhea an animal had after their initial bout). Much like the human literature, we found that certain personality types (i.e., nervous, gentle, vigilant, and not confident) were more likely to have chronic diarrhea, and that certain stressful environments (i.e., repeated housing relocations) increased diarrhea risk. We further found multiple interactions between personality and environment, supporting the “interactionist” perspective on personality and health. We conclude that while certain stressful environments increase risk for chronic diarrhea, the relative impact of these stressors is highly dependent on an animal's personality.

KW - diarrhea

KW - macaque

KW - personality

KW - primate

KW - temperament

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052797829&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052797829&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajp.22908

DO - 10.1002/ajp.22908

M3 - Article

JO - American Journal of Primatology

JF - American Journal of Primatology

SN - 0275-2565

ER -