Persistent sacral nerve root deficits after continuous spinal anaesthesia

Randall M. Schell, Floyd S. Brauer, Daniel J. Cole, Richard Lee Applegate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurological deficits following spinal anaesthesia are rare. We report two cases of persistent sacral nerve root deficits after continuous spinal anaesthesia (CSA) performed with hyperbaric lidocaine through a lumbar microcatheter. In both cases the dose of 5% lidocaine (5.7 and 4.3 ml) was greater than usual. In the immediate postoperative period the constellation of neurological deficits included perianal hypaesthesia, lower extremity paresis, urinary retention, and difficult defaecation. Both patients have residual perianal hypaesthesia and difficult defaecation. In these cases, the high-dose requirements of local anaesthetic via microcatheter CSA with focal sensory block suggests nonuniform distribution of the hyperbaric lidocaine. Microcatheter CSA may convey a unique risk of maldistribution of the local anaesthetic solution and local neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)908-911
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Spinal Anesthesia
Lidocaine
Defecation
Hypesthesia
Local Anesthetics
Urinary Retention
Paresis
Postoperative Period

Keywords

  • Anaesthetic Techniques: spinal
  • Anaesthetics, Local: lidocaine
  • Complications: neurological
  • Nerve: damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Persistent sacral nerve root deficits after continuous spinal anaesthesia. / Schell, Randall M.; Brauer, Floyd S.; Cole, Daniel J.; Applegate, Richard Lee.

In: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Vol. 38, No. 7, 10.1991, p. 908-911.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schell, Randall M. ; Brauer, Floyd S. ; Cole, Daniel J. ; Applegate, Richard Lee. / Persistent sacral nerve root deficits after continuous spinal anaesthesia. In: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1991 ; Vol. 38, No. 7. pp. 908-911.
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