Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ target gene encoding a novel angiopoietin-related protein associated with adipose differentiation

John Yoon, Troy W. Chickering, Evan D. Rosen, Barry Dussault, Yubin Qin, Alexander Soukas, Jeffrey M. Friedman, William E. Holmes, Bruce M. Spiegelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

300 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ regulates adipose differentiation and systemic insulin signaling via ligand- dependent transcriptional activation of target genes. However, the identities of the biologically relevant target genes are largely unknown. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of a novel target gene induced by PPARγ ligands, termed PGAR (for PPARγ angiopoietin related), which encodes a novel member of the angiopoietin family of secreted proteins. The transcriptional induction of PGAR follows a rapid time course typical of immediate-early genes and occurs in the absence of protein synthesis. The expression of PGAR is predominantly localized to adipose tissues and placenta and is consistently elevated in genetic models of obesity. Hormone-dependent adipocyte differentiation coincides with a dramatic early induction of the PGAR transcript. Alterations in nutrition and leptin administration are found to modulate the PGAR expression in vivo. Taken together, these data suggest a possible role for PGAR in the regulation of systemic lipid metabolism or glucose homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5343-5349
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume20
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Yoon, J., Chickering, T. W., Rosen, E. D., Dussault, B., Qin, Y., Soukas, A., Friedman, J. M., Holmes, W. E., & Spiegelman, B. M. (2000). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ target gene encoding a novel angiopoietin-related protein associated with adipose differentiation. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 20(14), 5343-5349. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.20.14.5343-5349.2000