Conflicting results of previous electron microscopy studies and concerns about the validity of immunoperoxidase technique employed in those studies to accurately localize endogenous IgG in rat glomerular basement membrane (GBM) prompted us to use other techniques to answer the following question: Does endogenous IgG permeate the matrix of GBM? Immunofluorescence, radioimmunoassay (RIA), isoelectric focusing, sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and immunodetection on Western blots were used to detect endogenous IgG in GBM. Direct immunofluorescence of normal frozen rat kidney sections prepared from in vivo perfused kidney showed endogenous IgG in a linear pattern of staining in the GBM. RIA for rat IgG found the IgG content of collagenase-solubilized GBM to be 0.48% of the dry weight. Immunodetection for rat IgG on Western blots of SDS-PAGE-separated GBM demonstrated endogenous IgG in purified collagenase-solubilized GBM. IgG was detected as an intact molecule with covalently linked light and heavy chains and not as small immunoreactive catabolic fragments. Isoelectric focusing followed by immunodetection on Western blot showed that part of the endogenous IgG in GBM was anionic. The results clearly show that under normal conditions, endogenous IgG can permeate into the collagen matrix of GBM in rat and that some of this IgG is more anionic than the IgG in serum. These findings may assist in understanding the transit of autoantibodies to subepithelial glomerular antigens located beneath the matrix of GBM in membranous glomerulonephropathy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)