Peripheral magnesium sulfate enters the brain and increases the threshold for hippocampal seizures in rats

Mordechai Hallak, Robert F Berman, Susan M. Irtenkauf, Mark I. Evans, David B. Cotton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine whether magnesium sulfate crosses the blood-brain barrier and whether it has central anticonvulsant action. STUDY DESIGN: In experiment 1 34 female Long-Evans rats were divided into six groups: control (n = 7); single magnesium sulfate injection and evaluation after 20 minutes in 3 conditions: normal rats (n = 7), sham-operated animals (n = 5), and after electrical stimulation by hippocampal electrode (n = 5); single injection and evaluation after 2 hours (n = 5); and prolonged (2 hours) serum magnesium elevation (n = 5). Serum, cerebrospinal fluid, and specific brain areas were analyzed for magnesium concentrations. In experiment 2 threshold for electrical seizure was measured in eight rats before and after intraperitoneal injections of magnesium sulfate versus saline solution. RESULTS: In experiment 1 there was a significant correlation between blood and cerebrospinal fluid magnesium concentrations (r = 0.80, p < 0.0001). Magnesium concentrations were increased in the cortex and hippocampus, with the largest changes occurring after two hours of sustained serum magnesium concentrations (p < 0.01). Induction of hippocampal seizure activity resulted in further elevations in cerebrospinal fluid magnesium concentrations but did not change brain concentrations. In experiment 2 magnesium sulfate increased the electrical threshold required to induce seizures by 34% (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Magnesium sulfate enters the cerebrospinal fluid and brain and has a central anticonvulsant effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1605-1610
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume167
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • blood-brain barrier
  • Magnesium sulfate
  • seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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