Perioperative fluid therapy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Perioperative fluid balance should be considered in any horse undergoing general anesthesia and surgery. General anesthesia inevitably compromises the hemodynamic status of the patient, and the significance of that compromise depends on the patient's clinical status and the duration of anesthesia. Supportive therapy to improve the hemodynamic state is indicated in most situations to minimize complications. The mainstay of hemodynamic supportive therapy is fluid therapy. Fluid replacement is a frequent indication for perioperative fluid therapy. Fluid deficits may be present prior to anesthesia or develop during the anesthetic period. Preoperative fluid deficits should be corrected, prior to anesthesia. This chapter discusses the strategies for fluid resuscitation. Electrolyte and acid-base disturbances can accompany certain disease conditions and should be addressed as part of the perioperative fluid therapy plan. Intravenous catheters should be placed prior to general anesthesia to facilitate redosing of injectable anesthetic agents and to allow intravenous fluid therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEquine Fluid Therapy
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages250-260
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781118928189, 9780470961384
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2015

Keywords

  • Acid-base disturbances
  • Electrolyte
  • Equine anesthesia
  • Fluid deficits
  • Fluid resuscitation
  • Intravenous catheters
  • Perioperative fluid therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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  • Cite this

    Dechant, J. E. (2015). Perioperative fluid therapy. In Equine Fluid Therapy (pp. 250-260). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118928189.ch20