Perinatal tobacco smoke exposure increases vascular oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage in non-human primates

David G. Westbrook, Peter G. Anderson, Kent E Pinkerton, Scott W. Ballinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies suggest that events occurring during fetal and early childhood development influence disease susceptibility. Similarly, molecular studies in mice have shown that in utero exposure to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors such as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) increased adult atherogenic susceptibility and mitochondrial damage; however, the molecular effects of similar exposures in primates are not yet known. To determine whether perinatal ETS exposure increased mitochondrial damage, dysfunction and oxidant stress in primates, archived tissues from the non-human primate model Macaca mulatta (M. mulatta) were utilized. M. mulatta were exposed to low levels of ETS (1 mg/m3 total suspended particulates) from gestation (day 40) to early childhood (1 year), and aortic tissues were assessed for oxidized proteins (protein carbonyls), antioxidant activity (SOD), mitochondrial function (cytochrome oxidase), and mitochondrial damage (mitochondrial DNA damage). Results revealed that perinatal ETS exposure resulted in significantly increased oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and damage which were accompanied by significantly decreased mitochondrial antioxidant capacity and mitochondrial copy number in vascular tissue. Increased mitochondrial damage was also detected in buffy coat tissues in exposed M. mulatta. These studies suggest that perinatal tobacco smoke exposure increases vascular oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage in primates, potentially increasing adult disease susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-226
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Toxicology
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

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Keywords

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Macaque
  • Mitochondria
  • mtDNA
  • Oxidative stress
  • Tobacco
  • Vascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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