Performance of diagnostic tests to detect respiratory viruses in older adults

Rosemary C. She, Christopher R Polage, Lauren B. Caram, Edward W. Taggart, Weston C. Hymas, Christopher W. Woods, Kenneth Schmader, Cathy A. Petti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of 4 laboratory methods for diagnosis of viral respiratory tract infections (RTI) in older adults was evaluated. Seventy-four nasopharyngeal (NP) swab specimens were obtained from 60 patients with RTI at a long-term care facility over 2 respiratory seasons. Sixteen specimens were positive for a respiratory virus by at least 1 method. Multiplex reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) by the Luminex xTAG® Respiratory Viral Panel (RVP) detected 16 (100%) of the positive specimens, RVP of 24-h culture supernatant detected 8 (50%), direct fluorescent antibody testing detected 4 (25%), rapid culture detected 2 (12.5%), and rapid antigen testing detected none. For a comparison group, RVP was performed on NP swabs from 20 outpatient children with RTI. The mean fluorescence intensity by RVP was significantly lower for positive adult patients than pediatric patients (P = 0.0373). Our data suggest that older adult patients shed lower titers of viruses, necessitating a highly sensitive assay such as RT-PCR to reliably detect respiratory viral pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-250
Number of pages5
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Influenza
  • Older adults
  • RSV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    She, R. C., Polage, C. R., Caram, L. B., Taggart, E. W., Hymas, W. C., Woods, C. W., Schmader, K., & Petti, C. A. (2010). Performance of diagnostic tests to detect respiratory viruses in older adults. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 67(3), 246-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2010.02.020