Background: Circulating free DNA in plasma is an alternative source of tumor-derived DNA that can be a surrogate for tissue epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) testing. Objective: We evaluated the analytical performance of the cobas® EGFR Mutation Test v2 (cobas test), a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay designed to detect defined EGFR gene mutations in plasma from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We used K2-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid plasma samples from NSCLC patients and healthy donors (HDs), along with cell line DNA. Results from a complete technical performance evaluation are described, including a comparison between NSCLC and HD plasma to support the use of surrogate samples and an independent confirmation of the limit of detection (LoD). Results: The cobas test reported an overall percent agreement of approximately 88% for plasma samples when compared with a next-generation sequencing method. The LoD for all EGFR mutations was ≤ 100 copies/mL for plasma samples. An external study confirmed the LoD for exon 19 deletion, L858R, and T790M at ≤ 100 copies/mL using samples derived from NSCLC patient specimens. The cobas test showed linearity between at least 50 and 10,000 copies/mL for plasma samples. An internal repeatability study reported a correct call accuracy of 99.2% for plasma samples. The performance of the cobas test is equivalent when using sheared or intact cell line DNA diluted into either HD plasma or NSCLC patient plasma. Conclusions: The cobas test is a sensitive, robust, and accurate assay that delivers reproducible results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine