Performance and Health of Dairy Calves Using Different Types of Commercial Housing

G. E. Higginbotham, Carolyn Stull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three housing types for neonatal dairy calves were compared on a commercial 1500-cow dairy in central California. Three types of housing were: 2.0 × 1.0 × 1.0 m wooden hutch; 2.0 × 1.0 × 1.3 m thermolded opaque polymer hutch with an outdoor pen 1.4 × 1.8; and 2.0 × 1A × 1.3 m molded opaque polyethylene hutch with an outdoor pen 1.7 × 1.5 m. Effects of type of housing on grain intake, growth, stress indices, and health from birth through 6 wk of age were studied from August through October. Results from 29 Holstein heifer calves showed no differences (P>0.05) in grain intake and average daily gain regardless of housing type. Red blood cell count, white blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit showed no (P>0.05) housing effects and were within normal ranges. The stress parameters of cortisol and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio showed temporal effects (P<0.01) but not a housing effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalProfessional Animal Scientist
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1997

Fingerprint

dairy calves
Health
erythrocyte count
leukocyte count
average daily gain
polyethylene
hematocrit
cortisol
neutrophils
heifers
hemoglobin
polymers
Holstein
lymphocytes
dairy cows
calves
Erythrocyte Count
Polyethylene
Leukocyte Count
Hematocrit

Keywords

  • Calf Housing
  • Performance
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Performance and Health of Dairy Calves Using Different Types of Commercial Housing. / Higginbotham, G. E.; Stull, Carolyn.

In: Professional Animal Scientist, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.03.1997, p. 18-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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