Performace of larval and postlarval pacific white shrimp, litopenaeus vannamei (Boone), fed two commercial liquid diet supplements

Fernanda R.O. Calderon, Denise Imai, Steve M. Arce, Brad J. Argue, Shaun M. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two commercial liquid diet supplements were evaluated as a partial replacement for live foods fed to larval and postlarval Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Larvae were stocked in 20-L buckets at a density of 113 shrimp/L and fed one of four diets (5 replicate buckets per diet): (1) a control diet consisting of the diatom, Chaetoceros neogracile, and live Artemia; (2) the control diet plus Treflan (a fungicide); (3) LiquaLife liquid larval diet supplements with reduced concentrations of C. neogracile and Artemia; and (4) Epifeed liquid larval diet supplements with reduced concentrations of Artemia. Diets were evaluated by comparing shrimp rostro-caudal length and survival to PL-8, survival to osmotic and pH stress, as well as shrimp gut fullness, gut lipid content, and fouling. Rostro-caudal length and survival to PL-8 were not significantly different among the four treatments. However, mean survival to PL-8 was 12-34% greater in the Epifeed treatment than in the other three treatments. Shrimp fed Epifeed exhibited greater survival (P < 0.05) when exposed to 7 ppt water for two hours than shrimp in the control treatments. In contrast, there was no significant difference in survival (P > 0.05) among the four treatments when shrimp were exposed to a pH of 3.35 for two hours. Although shrimp fed liquid diet supplements had more fouling (P < 0.05) than shrimp in either of the control treatments, commercial liquid diet supplements can be used in penaeid shrimp hatcheries to partially replace Artemia without compromising shrimp growth or survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-35
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Aquaculture
Volume15
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artemia replacement
  • Larval feeds
  • Litopenaeus vannamei
  • Pacific white shrimp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science

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