Percutaneous cholecystostomy for suspected acute cholecystitis in the hospitalized patient.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the outcome of 49 hospitalized patients with sepsis and possible acute cholecystitis in whom emergency percutaneous cholecystostomy was attempted on 50 occasions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cholecystostomy procedures were performed with ultrasound (US) guidance by using either the trocar (n = 35) or the Seldinger (n = 15) technique. Forty of the 50 cholecystostomies (80%) were attempted at the patients' bedside, and 49 of the 50 catheters (98%) were placed successfully. RESULTS: Twenty-five of these patients eventually died of other causes (51%), but there was clinical improvement in 31 of the 49 patients (63%) based on a 72-hour decrease of temperature to less than 37.3 degrees C, normalization of white blood cell count, and/or resolution of abdominal pain. US findings were correlated with clinical response. Clinical improvement occurred most frequently after cholecystostomy in patients with either a distended gallbladder (74%), pericholecystic fluid (80%), or gallstones (92%). Forty-three of the 49 patients underwent cholecystostomy alone (88%), and six required further procedures (12%). There were six complications (12%) including catheter dislodgment (n = 3), hematoma (n = 1), and severe pain (n = 2). No deaths were directly attributed to percutaneous cholecystostomy. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy performed in septic hospitalized patients is a low-risk procedure that may be helpful in the treatment of some patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-537
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
Volume4
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1993

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Cholecystostomy
Acute Cholecystitis
Catheters
Gallstones
Gallbladder
Leukocyte Count
Surgical Instruments
Hematoma
Abdominal Pain
Sepsis
Emergencies
Pain
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

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title = "Percutaneous cholecystostomy for suspected acute cholecystitis in the hospitalized patient.",
abstract = "PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the outcome of 49 hospitalized patients with sepsis and possible acute cholecystitis in whom emergency percutaneous cholecystostomy was attempted on 50 occasions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cholecystostomy procedures were performed with ultrasound (US) guidance by using either the trocar (n = 35) or the Seldinger (n = 15) technique. Forty of the 50 cholecystostomies (80{\%}) were attempted at the patients' bedside, and 49 of the 50 catheters (98{\%}) were placed successfully. RESULTS: Twenty-five of these patients eventually died of other causes (51{\%}), but there was clinical improvement in 31 of the 49 patients (63{\%}) based on a 72-hour decrease of temperature to less than 37.3 degrees C, normalization of white blood cell count, and/or resolution of abdominal pain. US findings were correlated with clinical response. Clinical improvement occurred most frequently after cholecystostomy in patients with either a distended gallbladder (74{\%}), pericholecystic fluid (80{\%}), or gallstones (92{\%}). Forty-three of the 49 patients underwent cholecystostomy alone (88{\%}), and six required further procedures (12{\%}). There were six complications (12{\%}) including catheter dislodgment (n = 3), hematoma (n = 1), and severe pain (n = 2). No deaths were directly attributed to percutaneous cholecystostomy. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy performed in septic hospitalized patients is a low-risk procedure that may be helpful in the treatment of some patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.",
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AU - McGahan, John P

AU - Gerscovich, Eugenio O

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N2 - PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the outcome of 49 hospitalized patients with sepsis and possible acute cholecystitis in whom emergency percutaneous cholecystostomy was attempted on 50 occasions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cholecystostomy procedures were performed with ultrasound (US) guidance by using either the trocar (n = 35) or the Seldinger (n = 15) technique. Forty of the 50 cholecystostomies (80%) were attempted at the patients' bedside, and 49 of the 50 catheters (98%) were placed successfully. RESULTS: Twenty-five of these patients eventually died of other causes (51%), but there was clinical improvement in 31 of the 49 patients (63%) based on a 72-hour decrease of temperature to less than 37.3 degrees C, normalization of white blood cell count, and/or resolution of abdominal pain. US findings were correlated with clinical response. Clinical improvement occurred most frequently after cholecystostomy in patients with either a distended gallbladder (74%), pericholecystic fluid (80%), or gallstones (92%). Forty-three of the 49 patients underwent cholecystostomy alone (88%), and six required further procedures (12%). There were six complications (12%) including catheter dislodgment (n = 3), hematoma (n = 1), and severe pain (n = 2). No deaths were directly attributed to percutaneous cholecystostomy. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy performed in septic hospitalized patients is a low-risk procedure that may be helpful in the treatment of some patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.

AB - PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the outcome of 49 hospitalized patients with sepsis and possible acute cholecystitis in whom emergency percutaneous cholecystostomy was attempted on 50 occasions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cholecystostomy procedures were performed with ultrasound (US) guidance by using either the trocar (n = 35) or the Seldinger (n = 15) technique. Forty of the 50 cholecystostomies (80%) were attempted at the patients' bedside, and 49 of the 50 catheters (98%) were placed successfully. RESULTS: Twenty-five of these patients eventually died of other causes (51%), but there was clinical improvement in 31 of the 49 patients (63%) based on a 72-hour decrease of temperature to less than 37.3 degrees C, normalization of white blood cell count, and/or resolution of abdominal pain. US findings were correlated with clinical response. Clinical improvement occurred most frequently after cholecystostomy in patients with either a distended gallbladder (74%), pericholecystic fluid (80%), or gallstones (92%). Forty-three of the 49 patients underwent cholecystostomy alone (88%), and six required further procedures (12%). There were six complications (12%) including catheter dislodgment (n = 3), hematoma (n = 1), and severe pain (n = 2). No deaths were directly attributed to percutaneous cholecystostomy. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy performed in septic hospitalized patients is a low-risk procedure that may be helpful in the treatment of some patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.

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