Historically reconstructive vascular surgery, has been a cornerstone of treatment for symptomatic obliterative aortoiliac disease. Surgical results include a reported aortobifemoral bypass 5-year patency rate from 85% to 90% and a 10-year patency rate of 70% to 75%. Operative mortality for aortoiliac reconstruction ranges from 1.6% to 3.3%, with an aggregated systemic morbidity of 8.3%. Clinical indications for surgical intervention are well-established and are limited primarily to severe claudication and limb-threatening ischemia. Broader application of surgical intervention is not recommended because of significant morbidity and mortality associated with the procedure. As balloon angioplasty and endovascular stenting technologies evolve, they are proving to be an effective modality for the treatment of aortoiliac disease. These lower risk procedures have allowed expansion of traditional indications for intervention. Treatment is recommended presently for patients with clinical symptoms that impact lifestyle and professional requirements. Less conventional indications include allowing access for coronary intervention or for placement of an intra-aortic balloon pump, or improving inflow prior to a distal surgical bypass procedure. Results of aortoiliac percutaneous interventions are difficult to compare with surgical data sinse methods and technology continue to improve and evolve, and randomized studies are limited. It is clear that as long as outcomes of percutaneous interventions are predictable and secondary patency rates acceptable, the low complication rates of a percutaneous intervention are clearly preferable to a riskier surgical alternative.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiology|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine