Perceptions of patients with wounds due to chronic limb-threatening ischemia

Maria Ceja Rodriguez, John R. Mark, Melissa Gosdin, Misty D. Humphries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) face numerous barriers to caring for lower extremity wounds. We explored the perceptions of CLTI patients to their wound/management and sought to determine attitudes towards their vascular provider as well as willingness for management through telemedicine. Patients admitted to hospital for treatment of Rutherford Grade 5 and 6 CLTI were asked complete a wound evaluation survey and took part in a semi-structured interview. Semi-structured interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using an inductive coding strategy. Codes were grouped for thematic analysis and aggregated into assertions. Eleven patients with a mean age of 60 years (35–79 years) were interviewed. All patients had peripheral artery disease (PAD) and eight patients had diabetes as well. Three overarching themes were identified. First, patients appear to have limited coping mechanisms and are overwhelmed by the care of their wounds. Second, in this cohort of patients, many had become passive observers of their care as demonstrated by a limited understanding of their disease processes and detachment from wound management. The third theme was how strong the desire to do everything to prevent limb loss was, but patients acknowledged this is hard to translate into real life with limited resources. Patients with CLTI have concerns that vascular providers must recognize and address to build strong patient–provider relationships and increase activation for management of their wounds and other medical conditions. Patients who have access to technology and with guidance may be able to understand getting care through remote medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVascular Medicine (United Kingdom)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • amputation
  • critical limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI)
  • patient education
  • patient-centered
  • peripheral artery disease (PAD)
  • quality of life
  • wound care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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