The effects of daily administration of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) on the rate of the development of kindled amygdaloid seizures (KAS) were tested in the rat. Rats were pretreated for 6 days with 25 mg/kg PTZ or normal saline 15 min. prior to each daily amygdaloid stimulation. The PTZ group exhibited fully developed KAS, including a maximal behavioral ranking (BR) and an afterdischarge duration (AD) of over 90 sec, in 3.8 ± 0.3 stimulations compared to 8.0 ± 0.6 stimulations (ave. ± SEM) for the saline controls. Within 10 min after dosing, PTZ consistently induced intermittent spiking of 5 sec or less in the EEG and behaviorally induced head nodding and sniffing. However, chemical kindling due to the 6 repetitive doses of PTZ was not observed. When the PTZ pretreatment was stopped on the 7th day, the BR and AD of the PTZ pretreatment group decreased from 187% and 161% of control values, respectively, to 118% and 100% of control. It appears that PTZ augments both the AD and BR of the developing KAS but does not accelerate the actual rate of the development of the KAS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Drug Discovery