Pemphigus foliaceus in the horse: A retrospective study of 20 cases

Sophie I J Vandenabeele, Stephen D White, Verena K Affolter, Philip H Kass, Peter J. Ihrke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Twenty horses with pemphigus foliaceus were seen over a period of 15 years in a veterinary medical teaching hospital. Breeds seen were seven quarterhorses, five thoroughbreds, three cross-bred horses, two Arabians and one of each of the following: standardbred, Tennessee walker and warmblood. There was no breed, age or sex predisposition. Nine were mares, ten were geldings and one was a stallion. Ages ranged from 2.5 months to 25 years, with a mean of 8.6 years. Sixteen (80%) of the pemphigus foliaceus horses first exhibited signs between September and February. There was a statistically significant more common occurrence of pemphigus foliaceus during those months. Signs in the four other horses were first noted in March, May or June. Three of those horses were < 13 months of age. Oedema (14/20) and crusts (13/20) were the most common lesions. Pain was present in 9/20 horses, pruritus in 7/20 and pyrexia in 7/20. Follow-up was available for 13 horses. Five of these horses were euthanased. In three horses the reason for euthanasia was laminitis secondary to treatment. Four horses remained lesion-free after medication was discontinued. Two horses required maintenance medication and are doing well at the time of writing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-388
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Dermatology
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

Pemphigus
retrospective studies
Horses
Retrospective Studies
horses
lesions (animal)
drug therapy
Arabian (horse breed)
breeds
pruritus
Euthanasia
laminitis
Standardbred
geldings
euthanasia
stallions
Pruritus
Teaching Hospitals
edema
mares

Keywords

  • Dexamethasone
  • Equine pemphigus foliaceus
  • Horse
  • Laminitis
  • Seasonality
  • September to February

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Pemphigus foliaceus in the horse : A retrospective study of 20 cases. / Vandenabeele, Sophie I J; White, Stephen D; Affolter, Verena K; Kass, Philip H; Ihrke, Peter J.

In: Veterinary Dermatology, Vol. 15, No. 6, 12.2004, p. 381-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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