OBJECTIVE: To review the risk factors and microbial etiologies of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). DATA SOURCES: Include 77 current and historical references on PID, PID risk factors, and sexually transmitted diseases. STUDY SELECTION: 34 studies that address specific research questions. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were used from studies whose methodologies are discussed. DATA SYNTHESIS: This review identifies research problems regarding the definition, diagnosis, and identification of microbial profiles and risk factors of PID. CONCLUSIONS: More reliable diagnostic criteria for the varied clinical presentations of this polymicrobial infection are needed. PID is a disease with multiple, interrelated risks. Education is an important nursing intervention.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG|
|State||Published - Mar 1993|
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