Pelvic free fluid: Clinical importance for reproductive age women with blunt abdominal trauma

E. L. Ormsby, J. Geng, John P McGahan, John R Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the importance of isolated pelvic free fluid (FF) detected by ultrasound examination in pregnant patients and in non-pregnant reproductive age women with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Methods: Reproductive age women aged 10-50 years who presented with BAT and underwent focused abdominal sonography for trauma (FAST) from January 1995 to June 2002 at a Level 1 trauma center were included. Patients were assigned to four groups according to the location of FF detected by ultrasound (Group 1, no FF; Group 2, FF in pelvis; Group 3, FF in abdomen; Group 4, FF in abdomen and pelvis). Ultrasound findings were compared with intra-abdominal and pelvic injuries detected by computed tomography and/or laparotomy. Pair-wise comparison was performed using a fisher's exact test. Results: Ultrasound detection of FF in the abdomen alone or FF in the abdomen and pelvis was significantly associated with intra-abdominal injury (IAI) compared to those without FF (P < 0.001) for both pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive age women. FF isolated to the pelvis was also associated with a higher injury rate compared to no FF in pregnant women (30% vs. 3%, P = 0.005) and in non-pregnant reproductive age women (39.5% vs. 3.7%, P < 0.001). Conclusions: In reproductive age women with BAT, ultrasound detection of FF in the abdomen alone, in both the abdomen and pelvis, or isolated to the pelvis is associated with a higher IAI rate. Therefore, isolated FF in the pelvis should not necessarily be considered physiological in pregnant and non-pregnant patients with BAT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Blunt abdominal trauma
  • Injuries
  • Intraperitoneum
  • Pelvic free fluid
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproductive age women
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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