Peer video review and feedback improve performance in basic surgical skills

Carolyn J. Vaughn, Edward Kim, Patricia O'Sullivan, Emily Huang, Matthew Y C Lin, Susannah Wyles, Barnard J A Palmer, Jonathan L Pierce, Hueylan Chern

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background Incorporation of home-video assessments allows flexibility in feedback but requires faculty time. Peer feedback (PF) may provide additional benefits while avoiding these constraints. Methods Twenty-four surgical interns completed a 12-week skills curriculum with home-video assignments focused on knot tying and suturing. Interns were randomized into 2 groups: PF or faculty feedback (FF). Peers and faculty provided feedback on home videos with checklists, global rating, and comments. Learners' skills were assessed at baseline, during, and at the conclusion of the curriculum. Performance of the 2 groups as rated by experts was compared. FF and PF were compared. Results Both groups improved from baseline, and the highest rated scores were seen on their home-video assessments. The PF group performed better at the final assessment than the FF group (effect size,.84). When using a checklist, there was no significant difference between scores given by peers and faculty. Conclusions The PF group performed better at the final assessment, suggesting reviewing and analyzing another's performance may improve one's own performance. With checklists as guidance, peers can serve as raters comparable to faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-360
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016


  • Peer feedback
  • Peer-assisted learning
  • Residency training
  • Surgical education
  • Surgical skills
  • Video-based learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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