Pediatric facial trauma

Jeremy D. Meier, Travis Tate Tollefson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Purpose Of Review: To review the epidemiology, evaluation, and treatment of pediatric facial trauma, with emphasis on the unique challenges encountered in the pediatric patient. Current controversies in management will be discussed. Recent Findings: Much of the current literature relating to pediatric facial trauma focuses on the etiology and epidemiology of these injuries, with few studies concentrating on the management. In general, treatment of pediatric maxillofacial fractures is more conservative than in adults. When open reduction and internal fixation is necessary, either temporary placement of permanent titanium plating systems or absorbable plating is recommended. Increasing use of resorbable plating systems in rigid fixation of pediatric fractures is noted; however, these have not become the standard of care. CONCLUSION: Pediatric facial fractures are relatively uncommon, but can cause significant short-term and long-term morbidity. A thorough understanding of the unique characteristics in the growing maxillofacial skeleton is a requisite for surgeons encountering these injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-561
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • Internal fixation
  • Maxillofacial fractures
  • Open reduction
  • Pediatric facial trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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