Patterns of interferon-γ production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

M. A. Nokta, Richard B Pollard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of immune parameters have been described as impaired in AIDS patients. The patterns of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from AIDS-related complex (ARC) and AIDS patients in response to specific and nonspecific mitogens and their relationship to proliferative responses, interaction with exogenous interleukin 2 (IL-2), and absolute CD4 cell counts were studied. The PBMC were exposed to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen (Ag) and/or 10 units of IL-2. At selected times, culture supernatants were tested for IFN-γ production by radioimmunoassay and at identical times proliferative responses were determined by [3H]thymidine uptake. IFN-γ production in response to PHA or CMV Ag was inhibited significantly and appeared dependent on absolute CD4 cell counts. Proliferative responses were also similarly decreased. While IFN-γ production to PHA was severely inhibited in PBMC only from patients with less than 100 CD4 cells/mm3, equivalent inhibition in response to CMV Ag was observed only in those with CD4 counts less than 600/mm3. IL-2 enhanced the PHA and CMV Ag-induced IFN production significantly by 2.8- and 5.3-fold respectively. Therefore, the administration of IL-2 might improve certain cell-mediated immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interferon Research
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Phytohemagglutinins
Virus Diseases
Cytomegalovirus
Interferons
Interleukin-2
Blood Cells
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
HIV
Antigens
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Mitogens
Thymidine
Radioimmunoassay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

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abstract = "A number of immune parameters have been described as impaired in AIDS patients. The patterns of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from AIDS-related complex (ARC) and AIDS patients in response to specific and nonspecific mitogens and their relationship to proliferative responses, interaction with exogenous interleukin 2 (IL-2), and absolute CD4 cell counts were studied. The PBMC were exposed to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen (Ag) and/or 10 units of IL-2. At selected times, culture supernatants were tested for IFN-γ production by radioimmunoassay and at identical times proliferative responses were determined by [3H]thymidine uptake. IFN-γ production in response to PHA or CMV Ag was inhibited significantly and appeared dependent on absolute CD4 cell counts. Proliferative responses were also similarly decreased. While IFN-γ production to PHA was severely inhibited in PBMC only from patients with less than 100 CD4 cells/mm3, equivalent inhibition in response to CMV Ag was observed only in those with CD4 counts less than 600/mm3. IL-2 enhanced the PHA and CMV Ag-induced IFN production significantly by 2.8- and 5.3-fold respectively. Therefore, the administration of IL-2 might improve certain cell-mediated immune responses.",
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N2 - A number of immune parameters have been described as impaired in AIDS patients. The patterns of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from AIDS-related complex (ARC) and AIDS patients in response to specific and nonspecific mitogens and their relationship to proliferative responses, interaction with exogenous interleukin 2 (IL-2), and absolute CD4 cell counts were studied. The PBMC were exposed to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen (Ag) and/or 10 units of IL-2. At selected times, culture supernatants were tested for IFN-γ production by radioimmunoassay and at identical times proliferative responses were determined by [3H]thymidine uptake. IFN-γ production in response to PHA or CMV Ag was inhibited significantly and appeared dependent on absolute CD4 cell counts. Proliferative responses were also similarly decreased. While IFN-γ production to PHA was severely inhibited in PBMC only from patients with less than 100 CD4 cells/mm3, equivalent inhibition in response to CMV Ag was observed only in those with CD4 counts less than 600/mm3. IL-2 enhanced the PHA and CMV Ag-induced IFN production significantly by 2.8- and 5.3-fold respectively. Therefore, the administration of IL-2 might improve certain cell-mediated immune responses.

AB - A number of immune parameters have been described as impaired in AIDS patients. The patterns of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from AIDS-related complex (ARC) and AIDS patients in response to specific and nonspecific mitogens and their relationship to proliferative responses, interaction with exogenous interleukin 2 (IL-2), and absolute CD4 cell counts were studied. The PBMC were exposed to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen (Ag) and/or 10 units of IL-2. At selected times, culture supernatants were tested for IFN-γ production by radioimmunoassay and at identical times proliferative responses were determined by [3H]thymidine uptake. IFN-γ production in response to PHA or CMV Ag was inhibited significantly and appeared dependent on absolute CD4 cell counts. Proliferative responses were also similarly decreased. While IFN-γ production to PHA was severely inhibited in PBMC only from patients with less than 100 CD4 cells/mm3, equivalent inhibition in response to CMV Ag was observed only in those with CD4 counts less than 600/mm3. IL-2 enhanced the PHA and CMV Ag-induced IFN production significantly by 2.8- and 5.3-fold respectively. Therefore, the administration of IL-2 might improve certain cell-mediated immune responses.

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